The DTR maintains state-of-the-art knowledge and develops new technologies to improve energy efficiency, maintenance and operations. DTR has conducted studies that are the basis for NIH's Bio-Environmental Engineering Research Program. These studies have set numerous National and International Standards for Better Indoor Air Quality and Greater Energy Conservation. The following standard setting organizations have adopted the NIH research findings: American National Standard Institutes (ANSI), American Society of Heating and Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), The American Institute of Architects (AIA) Academy of Architecture for Health, and the International Academy on Indoor Air Quality The results of these studies are incorporated in the 2008 DRM and new information will be added as it becomes available.
The DTR is comprised of the Office of the Director, two design and construction related branches including an Aseptic Production Facility (APF) Section and four Central Utility Plant (CUP) Branches including two sections.