Table of Contents:  

Appendix A

References, Design and Safety Guidelines, Health and Safety Regulations, Codes and Standards

A.1   General Health and Safety: The latest edition/revision of all references cited (Regulations, Executive Orders, Standards, Manual Issuances, and Guidelines) shall be used.

Part 1910 - General Industry Standards
Subpart D
Walking - Working Surfaces (1910.21-.30): placement and structure of platforms, catwalks, etc.
Subpart E
Means of Egress (1910.35-.38): employee’s emergency escape requirements
Subpart G
Occupational Health and Environmental Control (1910.94-.100): ventilation, noise control, ionizing/nonionizing radiation
Subpart H
Hazardous Materials (1910.101-.126): storage, handling of hazardous materials
Subpart J
General Environmental Controls (1910.141-.147) safety color coding and lock-out/tag-out systems
Subpart L
Fire Protection (1910.155-.165): sprinkler, detection, and alarm systems
Subpart N
Materials Handling and Storage (1910.176-.184): cranes, conveyance systems
Subpart O
Machinery and Machine Guarding (1910.211-.219): mechanical equipment (hard wired and/or designed in) and power-transmission apparatus
Subpart S
Electrical (1910.301-.399): design safety standards, hazardous locations, special- purpose systems, and safety-related maintenance requirements (design in)
Subpart Z
Toxic and Hazardous Substances (1910.1000-.1450): protection from airborne hazardous substances; provides specific guidance to toxic chemicals, e.g., ethylene oxide (see 1910.1047)
A.2   Federal Regulations and Executive Orders: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations (29 CFR)ions

Part 1926 - Construction Industry Standards
Subpart C
General Safety and Health Provisions (1926.20-.35): fire protection, illumination, and sanitation during construction
Subpart D
Occupational Health and Environmental Controls (1926.50-.66): protect workers, public from noise, radiation, gases/vapors, asbestos, lead, and emergency response
Subpart E
Personal Protective and Life Saving Equipment (1926.95-.107): PPE, lifelines, and safety nets
Subpart F
Fire Protection and Prevention (1926.150-.159): materials protection against ignition sources, extinguishers
Subpart G
Signs, Signals and Barricades (1926.200-.203): warning signs, signals, and barriers around construction
Subpart H
Materials Handling Storage, Use and Disposal (1926.250-.252): movement of materials; disposal of construction debris
Subpart J
Welding and Cutting (1926.350-.354): fire protection and exposure protection
Subpart K
Electrical (1926.400-.449): electrical systems in construction related to worker/public protection
Subpart L
Scaffolding (1926.450-.454): requirements of design and use
Subpart M
Floor and Wall Openings (1926.500-.503): use of guardrails, handrails, etc.
Subpart N
Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators and Conveyors (1926.550-.556): materials movement systems use
Subpart O
Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment & Marine Operations (1926.600-606): construction vehicles, material-handling equip.
Subpart P
Excavations (1926.650-.652): trenching and shoring requirements
Subpart Q
Concrete and Masonry Construction (1926.700-.706): requirements related to construction with these building materials
Subpart R
Steel Erection (1926.750-.753): assembly requirements
Subpart T
Demolition (1926.850-.860): removal, storage, and disposal of building materials
Subpart V
Power Transmission and Distribution (1926.950-.960): grounding, overhead/underground lines
Subpart X
Stairways and Ladders (1926.1050-.1060): setup, construction, and use requirements for temporary activities
Subpart Z
Toxic and Hazardous Substances (1926.1100-.1152): protection against exposures from use of chemicals
Part 1960 - Federal Employee Safety and Health Programs (Latest Edition)
Subparts A-K
Requirements to establish and maintain Federal Agency OSH programs
Executive Order
Executive Order 12196
Occupational Safety and Health Programs for Federal Employees, effective July 1980

A.3     State Regulations
  • Maryland Occupational Safety and Health Administration: Code of Maryland Regulations (COMAR), Title 9, Subtitle 12, Chapter 20, Occupational Safety and Health.
  • Refer to local and State occupational safety and health administration guidelines.
A.4     Other Federal Agency Regulations and Policies

General Services Administration
41 CFR, Management of Federal Facilities
Department of Transportation
49 CFR Parts 171-179, Hazardous Materials Handling and Transport Requirements
Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
Safety Management Manual
Environmental Management Manual
National Institutes of Health
NIH Manual Issuance 3032, Solid Waste Management
NIH Manual 1342, Occupant Evacuation Plan
NIH Manual Transmittal 1361, Corridor Utilization Policy
NIH Division of Engineering Services (DES), Instruction Manual
Code 1340-2
Safety Precautions and Procedures Related to Low Voltage Electrical Circuits
Code 1340-5
Safety Precautions and Procedures Relating to Radiation Hazards
Code 1340-6
Policy and Procedures for Working with Asbestos
Code 1340-7
Procedures for Entering Manholes or Other Below Grade Confined Spaces
Code 1340-11
DES Procedures for Handling PCBs
Code 1340-12
Walking and Working Surfaces
NIH Specification Section
“Use, Handling, Storage, Transporting, Accumulation and Disposal of NIH Controlled Material”
NIH Specification Section
“Safety and Health”
NIH Specification Section
“Removal of Asbestos Materials”
NIH Specification Section
“Fume Hood, Laboratory, Air By-Pass Type”

A.5   Industry Consensus Standards

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Cincinnati, OH
Guide to Chemical Hazards Handbook
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Lansing, MI
Industrial Ventilation: A Manual of Recommended Practice
Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices
American National Standards Institute (ANSI), New York
Fundamentals Governing the Design and Operation of Local Exhaust Systems
Numerous committee papers on materials and systems certifications (see attached cross-reference listing in OSHA publication of OSHA regulatory criteria and their requisite ANSI standards)
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), New York
Standard 62, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality
Standard 55, Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy
ASHRAE Handbook - HVAC Applications
American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM), West Consbohocken, PA
Annual books of ASTM standards, verifying minimum quality standards for various construction materials and products
National Sanitation Foundation
NSF 49-1992, Class II (Laminary Flow) Biohazard Cabinetry
Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc. (BOCA), Country Club Hills, IL
International Mechanical Code
General Reference Publications
Patty’s Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Volume I, Wiley-Interscience, New York
The Industrial Environment: Its Evaluation and Control, GPO, DHHS, NIOSH, Washington, DC

A.6  Biosafety Regulations
The latest edition/revision of all references cited (Regulations, Executive Orders, Standards, Manual Issuances, and Guidelines) shall be used.
A.6.a  Federal Regulations
                   U.S. Department of Labor, OSHA, Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens, 29 CFR 1910.1030
                   U.S. Department of Labor, OSHA, Enforcement Policy and Procedures for Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis
                   U.S. Department of Labor, OSHA, Specifications for Accident Prevention Signs and Tags, 29 CFR 1910.145
A.6.b  State Regulations
                   State of Maryland, Department of Environment (MDE), Title 26, Subtitle 13: Disposal of Controlled Hazardous Substances, Chapter 11, Special Medical Wastes
                   Refer to local requirements for the disposal of controlled hazardous substances and/or medical pathological waste.
A.6.c  Industry Standards
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Public Health Service, CDC/NIH
Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, DHHS Pub. No. (CDC) 93-8395
Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, DHHS Publication No. (NIH) 85-23
DHHS, NIH: Chemical Hygiene Plan
DHHS, NIH, Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules, 66 FR 1146
Proceedings of the National Cancer Institute Symposium on Design of Biomedical Research Facilities, Cancer Research Safety Monograph Series, Volume 5, NIH Pub. No. 81-2305
DHHS, PHS, CDC/NIH: “Primary Containment for Biohazards: Selection, Installation and Use of Biological Safety Cabinets,” 2nd (Sept 2002) or later edition.
A.7  Radiation Safety Regulations
The latest edition/revision of all references cited (Regulations, Executive Orders, Standards, Manual Issuances, and Guidelines) shall be used.
A.7.a  Federal Regulations, Executive Orders, and Regulatory Compliance Requirements
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Presidential Documents, Federal Register, Volume 52, No. 15, Tuesday, January 27, 1987, “Radiation Protection Guidance to Federal Agencies for Occupational Exposure; Approval of Environmental Protection Agency Recommendations”
EPA Standards for Airborne Emission of Radionuclides, 40 CFR Part 61-National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, 40 CFR Part61
EPA, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs), 40 CFR, Part 61, Subpart I
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Ionizing Radiation, Section 1910.96
Memorandum of Understanding Between OSHA and the NRC, dated December 23, 1989
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
NRC, 10 CFR Part 19, Notices, Instructions, and Reports to Workers, Inspections
NRC, 10 CFR Part 20 et al., Standards for Protection Against Radiation, Final Rule
NRC, 10 CFR Part 30, Rules of General Applicability to Domestic Licensing of Byproduct Material
NRC, 10 CFR Part 3, Specific Domestic Licenses of Broad Scope for Byproduct Material
NRC, 10 CFR Part 35, Medical Use of Byproduct Material
NRC, 10 CFR Part 71, Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Materials
NRC Information Notice No. 90-09, Extended Interim Storage of Low-Level Radioactive Waste by Fuel Cycle and Materials Licensees, February 5, 1990
NRC Regulatory Guide 8.25, Air Sampling in the Workplace
NRC NUREG 1400, Air Sampling in the Workplace
NRC Report, NUREG 1516, Volume 9, Consolidated Guidance About Materials Licenses, Program-Specific Guidance About Medical Use Licenses

U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
FDA, 21 CFR 1000, Subchapter J, Radiological Health, through 1040.11
FDA, Title 21, Part 892, Radiology Devices, Subpart B, Diagnostic Devices, 892.1000, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
FDA Title 21, Part 1040, Performance Standards for Light-Emitting Products
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
For radioactive airborne effluent monitoring systems: Guide to Sampling Airborne Radioactive Materials in Nuclear Facilities, ANSI Standard N13.1
Specification and Performance of On-Site Instrumentation for Continuous Monitoring of Radioactive Effluents, ANSI Standard N 42.18
Testing of Nuclear Air-Cleaning Systems, ANSI/ASME Standard N510
American National Standard for the Use of Lasers, ANSI Standard 2136.1
State and Local Requirements
For radioactive materials and radiation-producing equipment, the NIH is subject to Federal requirements and regulations. State and local regulations generally do not apply.
 Radiation Safety Regulatory Compliance:
Documentation: All NIH design and construction projects shall be in compliance with the following Federal regulations:
• The materials license that is issued by the NRC.  Compliance with, and conditions of, the license are regulated by the NRC, consistent with the latest revisions of 10 CFR Part 20, 10 CFR Part 30.
• EPA regulations on NESHAPs, 40 CFR 61 Subpart I
• OSHA Ionizing Radiation Regulations 1910.96 and current Memorandum of Understanding between the OSHA and the NRC, December 23, 1989 (Enclosures B and C)
• U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 21 CFR 1000, Subchapter J, Radiological Health, through 1040.11
• The appropriate and current NIH Policy and Procedures Manuals
Voluntary Guidelines, Recommendations, and Standards:
• American National Standards Institute
• American Association of Physicists in Medicine
• Conference of Radiation Central Program Directors, Inc.
• Health Physics Society
• Society of Nuclear Medicine
• International Commission on Radiological Protection
• National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
Regulatory Compliance Issues: 
NRC regulations and license conditions for air emissions:  The materials license is issued by the NRC.  Compliance with, and conditions of, the license are regulated by the NRC.  Design requirements shall reflect the current Federal regulatory compliance standards.  The latest guidance may be followed if not conflicting with current Federal regulatory requirements.
This page was last updated on May 23, 2013